Long COVID Treatment – Vitamin B12, Vitamin D and other vital nutrients

Long COVID and COVID Long Haulers

COVID has gripped many lives for more than a year now and in some countries, people with Long COVID are lucky enough to be treated with essential nutrients which the virus appears to deplete or to exacerbate a latent deficiency. 

So many are writing about this and I wanted to collect together some of these texts for those unaware of a potential way back to full health.

 

The UK

Unfortunately many people in the UK with Long COVID may only be accessing the following treatments: aspirin, steroids, antivirals, antibiotics, and anti inflammatories as detailed on the Patient info website.

This BBC news clip on the effects of #longCOVID (and the following two) feature: Dr Nathalie Mac Dermott, Louise Buxton and Sarah Wakefield, who may benefit from the information within this blog, so if you know them, please share.

You will see that the symptoms of B12 deficiency (and other nutrient deficiencies) and Long COVID very much overlap:

Long-term COVID-19 Symptoms in a Large Un-selected Population.

“The long-term symptoms most enriched in those with COVID-19 are anosmia, ageusia, difficulty concentrating, dyspnea, memory loss, confusion, headache, heart palpitations, chest pain, pain with deep breaths, dizziness, and tachycardia.” 

In my April blog it was also highlighted that B12 could be of help in treating COVID and since then more information has been gathered.

I hope the following offers an added pathway back to health for those experiencing the debilitating effects of Long COVID.

New to Vitamin B12 Deficiency?

If you read the following documents and feel that B12 deficiency could be affecting you, then if possible, please try not to supplement with B12 before testing. Then please see this crash course for more info on how to diagnose and treat B12 deficiency.

You may need B12 injections if you cannot absorb B12 from food and even very low dose B12 tablets can raise serum B12 levels to be ‘within range’ which may skew results and stop you accessing the treatment you need. Some countries allow purchase of injectable B12 from pharmacies but for those in countries like the UK that currently don’t allow this (which we want to change) then you may need a doctor to diagnose and then treat you with injections.

If you have already tried oral B12 supplements but your symptoms haven’t improved, make sure you ask for testing and let the doctor know to make sure the lab note that you have been taking B12. Do not wait to be clear of supplements for 4 months, there is absolutely no point in wasting time!

It’s key that your doctor understands that a within range result, coupled with symptoms should not be ignored as the clinical picture is of utmost importance. Make sure you get to see a copy of your results – you are legally entitled to them.

 

In the UK the NHS stated that Long COVID sufferers would be offered help at specialist centres:

Respiratory consultants, physiotherapists, other specialists and GPs will all help assess, diagnose and treat thousands of sufferers who have reported symptoms ranging from breathlessness, chronic fatigue, “brain fog”, anxiety and stress.

Perhaps NHS England and Professor Chris Brightling would benefit from the information in this blog?


Hypotheses and articles on Long COVID treatment 

 

Sally Pacholok

Undiagnosed Cobalamin Deficiency in the Face of COVID-19:  An unrecognized Comorbidity and Silent killer.

“People with undiagnosed vitamin B12 deficiency may be at a higher risk of dying from COVID-19. Not only does low B12 suppress one’s immune system making it harder to fend off infection and produce antibodies, but B12 deficiency also causes hyperhomocysteinemia, which in turn can cause dangerous blood clots (i.e. deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, stroke, and myocardial infarction).”

Dr Albert Mir

Please see Dr Albert Mir’s Hypothesis Jan 2021 version –
COVID-19 and vitamin B12. An important warning for the population.                          

COVID-19’s toll on the elderly and those with diabetes mellitus – Is vitamin B12 deficiency an accomplice?

“…The question on hand thus lies on whether managing B12 deficiencies will impact COVID-19 fatality outcome or recovery rates. Herein, we review the latest evidence that shows that B12 deficiency associates in multiple areas very similar to where COVID-19 exerts its damaging effects: immunologically; microbiologically; haematologically; and through endothelial cell signalling—supporting the hypothesis that B12 deficiency is a potential modifiable risk factor in our fight against COVID-19.”

Be well: A potential role for Vitamin B in COVID-19

“There is a need to highlight the importance of vitamin B because it plays a pivotal role in cell functioning, energy metabolism, and proper immune function []. Vitamin B assists in proper activation of both the innate and adaptive immune responses, reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine levels, improves respiratory function, maintains endothelial integrity, prevents hypercoagulability and can reduce the length of stay in hospital [,]. Therefore, vitamin B status should be assessed in COVID-19 patients and vitamin B could be used as a non-pharmaceutical adjunct to current treatments.”

Vitamin b12 Deficiency in Covid-19 Recovered Patients: Case Report.

“The link between immunity and nourishment is clearly known and special attention is being given to its role in the COVID-19 disease Vitamin B12 is one of the dietary requirements necessary in the treatment of coronavirus patients Coronavirus patients often show clinical symptoms, such as fever, cough, respiratory distress syndrome, gastrointestinal infection, and fatigue It is sensible to suppose that COVID-19 affects cobalamin metabolism, impairs intestinal microbial proliferation, and contributes to symptoms of cobalamin deficiency Such an assumption is based on the fact that there are signs and symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency that are similar to those of a coronavirus infection Based on these observations, it can be inferred that treatment with vitamin B12 can be useful in the recovery of COVID-19 patient.”       

A potential Role for Vitamin B in COVID-19.

“However, SARS-CoV-2 could interfere with vitamin B12 metabolism, thus impairing intestinal microbial proliferation. Given that, it is plausible that symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are close to COVID-19 infection such as elevated oxidative stress and lactate dehydrogenase, hyperhomocysteinemia, coagulation cascade activation, vasoconstriction and renal and pulmonary vasculopathy. In addition, B12 deficiency can result in disorders of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. Surprisingly, a recent study showed that methylcobalamin supplements have the potential to reduce COVID-19-related organ damage and symptoms.”                                                                                                                                                      

ERYTHROCYTES AS A TARGET OF SARS COV-2 IN PATHOGENESIS OF COVID-19

“Hemolytic anemia in COVID-19, which develops at the first stage as a reaction to the SARS COV-2 viral microorganisms, causes cascading reactions to toxic erythropoietin and hemoglobin released from erythrocytes in the bloodstream, and then to hemosiderin released due to the death of erythrocytes in the tissue. The process ends with a decrease in the synthesis of erythropoietin in the decaying liver and kidneys, in the absence of the necessary vitamin B12 due to the pathology of its secretion in the gastrointestinal tract. The characteristic signs of damage to red blood cells in conditions of infection with COVID-19 indicate disruption of erythropoiesis, with developing iron deficiency and B12 anemia.”   

Homocysteine as a Potential Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk in Patients with COVID-19.

“Since the beginning of the novel coronavirus pandemic, the scientific community is in urgent need for reliable biomarkers related to disease progression, in order to early identify high risk patients. In fact, the rapid disease spread makes it necessary to divide patients in risk categories immediately after diagnosis, to ensure an optimal resource allocation. The identification of new biomarkers is strictly related to the understanding of viral pathogenetic mechanisms, as well as cellular and organ damage. Trustworthy biomarkers would be helpful for screening, clinical management and prevention of serious complications.” 

Can Vitamin B12 be an Adjuvant to COVID-19 treatment? 

“COVID-19 has  become an international pandemic and is causing a  worldwide public health emergency; therefore, an effective treatment is urgently needed. The hypothesis is that Covid virus interferes with the cobalamin metabolism, causing  symptoms  of cobalamin deficiency.  This is  plausible to  infer,  because there  are symptoms  of vitamin  B12 deficiency  that  are similar  to  those of  COVID-19. These symptoms  include increase oxidative  stress, homocysteine concentration, activation of the  coagulation  cascade, thrombocytopenia, elevated lactate  dehydrogenase  (LDH), low reticulocyte count, intravascular coagulation thrombosis, vasoconstriction, renal and pulmonary vasculopathies, which can result in respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous system  disorders.  Research  shows  that  high doses of methylcobalamin  is the  treatment for  symptoms  of vitamin  B12 deficiency.  Thus, an  additional hypothesis  is that treatment with vitamin B12, especially methylcobalamin, would reduce Covid’s damage to infected patients. Hence, in this  review  article  it  is  suggested  that  methylcobalamin  (vitamin  B12)  may  serve  as  an  attenuator  to  COVID-19symptoms. Clinical studies are required to confirm this hypothesis.”                                                                                              

COVID19, COBALAMIN / B12 AND SEPSIS: A LEFT OF FIELD SOLUTION

“High dose parenteral Cobalamin as prophylaxis and treatment for Covid19 and Sepsis/ARDS.”                                                                                                                                        

Homocysteine and the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus – The X Factor of Severe Disease and Death.

“Homocysteine (Hcy) is a natural, non-essential amino acid formed by the de-methylation of methionine. Pathologic elevations occur in many chronic conditions, particularly the cardiovascular conditions common with aging, and in SARS-Cov2. The most common co-existing morbidities, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes are all strongly associated with elevated levels of Homocysteine.”
    

Vitamin C, D, Folate (B9), magnesium, zinc etc.

Jerome Burne’s blog 12 Dec 2020  Pressure rises for Vitamin supplements to protect against the virus.

“For almost a year now the government and the NHS have been studiously ignoring the possibility that a highly plausible way of effectively combating the virus would be to ensure that everyone, especially those most exposed to it, had adequate levels of the nutrients vital for a well-functioning immune system, such as Vitamin D, Vitamin C, zinc and selenium. Now suddenly three things that might just make a difference, have all happened at once…”

And the following papers:

Possible Treatments for Covid-19 or LongCovid.

Topic: Which vitamins, minerals, and health supplements might help people who have suffered from Covid-19 and its aftermath for too long?                       

SARS-Cov-2/Covid/19 ADULT RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME /ARDS: HIGH DOSE IV METHYLCOBALAMIN IS A SAFE & COST EFFECTIVE RESCUE TREATMENT for ARDS

“Abstract -A SAFE AND EFFICACIOUS PROPHYLACTIC /TREATMENT FOR COVID19, TO PREVENT AND TREAT ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, ALREADY EXISTS: RESPECTIVELY using HIGH DOSE IM AND IV METHYLCOBALAMIN FORM OF VITAMIN B12. The hydroxocobalamin form of B12 has been used in ICUs in France, Italy and China for nearly 70 years, as the anti-CN antidote of choice. It is safe, licensed and available. Methylcobalamin would be preferable, for a number of research based reasons. But both could be life savers in the current health crisis.”                                                           

The Role of Folic Acid in the Management of Respiratory Disease Caused by COVID-19.

“Entrance of coronavirus into cells happens through the spike proteins on the virus surface, for which the spike protein should be cleaved into S1 and S2 domains. This cleavage is mediated by furin, which can specifically cleave Arg-X-X-Arg sites of the substrates. Furin, a member of proprotein convertases family, is moved from the trans-Golgi network to the cell membrane and activates many precursor proteins. A number of pathological conditions such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and viral infectious diseases, are linked with the impaired activity of this enzyme. Despite the urgent need to control COVID-19, no approved treatment is currently known. Here, folic acid (folate), a water-soluble B vitamin, is introduced for the first time for the inhibition of furin activity. As such, folic acid, as a safe drug, may help to prevent or alleviate the respiratory involvement associated with COVID-19.”

Virtual Screening and Repurposing of FDA Approved Drugs Against COVID-19 Main Protease.

“The present study provided a comprehensive targeting of the first resolved COVID+19 structure of Mpro and found a suitable save drugs for repurposing against the viral Mpro. Ribavirin, telbivudine, vitamin B12 and nicotinamide can be combined and used for COVID treatment. This initiative relocates already marketed and approved safe drugs for potential use in COVID-treatment.”                                                                                                                                   

Clinical Trials are Proving that Vitamin D fights COVID-19 in Hospitals.    

Open Access Review Evidence Regarding Vitamin D and Risk of COVID-19 and Its Severity.

“Vitamin D deficiency co-exists in patients with COVID-19. At this time, dark skin color, increased age, the presence of pre-existing illnesses and vitamin D deficiency are features of severe COVID disease. Of these, only vitamin D deficiency is modifiable. Through its interactions with a multitude of cells, vitamin D may have several ways to reduce the risk of acute respiratory tract infections and COVID-19: reducing the survival and replication of viruses, reducing risk of inflammatory cytokine production, increasing angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 concentrations, and maintaining endothelial integrity. Fourteen observational studies offer evidence that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are inversely correlated with the incidence or severity of COVID-19. The evidence to date generally satisfies Hill’s criteria for causality in a biological system, namely, strength of association, consistency, temporality, biological gradient, plausibility (e.g., mechanisms), and coherence, although experimental verification is lacking. Thus, the evidence seems strong enough that people and physicians can use or recommend vitamin D supplements to prevent or treat COVID-19 in light of their safety and wide therapeutic window. In view of public health policy, however, results of large-scale vitamin D randomized controlled trials are required and are currently in progress.”                                                                  

Casting Sunlight on an Epidemic   Is vitamin D a critical host factor to prevent COVID-19?

“Some people will experience minimal effects from COVID-19 because their immune system can efficiently fight off the infection. The “host” factors that promote such a strong immune system were extensively studied before the age of antibiotics, and without an effective vaccine, they should be an important part of today’s response to the epidemic. Host factors that are often considered include vitamins (e.g., A and C), minerals (e.g., zinc and magnesium), and the omega-3 fatty acids. Of these, perhaps the most studied and most important host factor impacting survival from COVID-19 is vitamin D, created in skin from exposure to ultraviolet B radiation in sunlight.”                                                                              https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19/85596

Vitamin D is the Solution to the Covid-19 Second Wave.

“What is causing the Second Wave? Vitamin D blood levels are seasonal; they rise and fall from one season to another. In summer, vitamin D levels are higher because people are out in the sunshine. When sunshine (specifically UV-B) strikes the skin, the body makes vitamin D. But as people spend more time indoors, in autumn and winter, vitamin D blood levels fall. The levels decrease from late September to October to November, and they reach their lowest extent in December through March.”                                                                               

Role of Vitamin D in Preventing of COVID-19 Infection, Progression and Severity.

“The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a global public health crisis. Little is known about the protective factors of this infection. Therefore, preventive health measures that can reduce the risk of infection, progression and severity are desperately needed. This review discussed the possible roles of  vitamin D in reducing the risk of COVID-19 and other acute respiratory tract infections and severity.”                                                                                    

Immune-boosting Role of Vitamins D, C, E, Zinc, Selenium and Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Could they Help Against COVID-19?

“Recent evidence has highlighted that nutritional supplementation could play a supportive role in COVID-19 patients. Administration of higher than recommended daily doses of nutrients such as vitamins D, C, E, Zinc and omega-3 fatty acids might have a beneficial effect, potentially reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral load and length of hospitalization . These nutrients are well-known for their antioxidant properties and immunomodulatory effects. Deficiencies in these nutrients can result in immune dysfunction, and increase susceptibility to pathological infection. In fact, dietary insufficiency of vitamins and minerals has been observed in high-risk groups of COVID-19 patients, such as the elderly, increasing the morbidity and risk of mortality  It is well known that the elderly are more likely to be nutrient deficient and to have compromised immunity via immuno-senescence, significantly increasing their risk of poor outcomes from COVID-19, and making adequate nutrition doubly important. The role of vitamins D, C, E, Zinc, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids in immunity, their status in patient infected by SARS-CoV-2 and their potential therapeutic role are discussed.”                                                                                                      

Nutrition, immunity and COVID-19.

“Vitamins B6 and B12 and folate all support the activity of natural killer cells and CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes, effects which would be important in antiviral defence. Patients with vitamin B12 deficiency had low blood numbers of CD8+ T lymphocytes and low natural killer cell activity.”                                                                                                                                

Nutritional Status of Patients with COVID-19.

“Nutrients play a vital role in the defense against infectious diseases and the regulation of inflammation; however, little is known with regards to COVID-19.

We measured concentrations of vitamins B1, B6, B12, folate, vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D), selenium, and zinc in 50 patients with COVID-19. Vitamin D deficiency was shown in 76% of patients and selenium deficiency in 42%. There was a significant difference compared to a control group of 150 people (vitamin D deficiency 43.3%). Among 12 patients with respiratory distress, 11 (91.7%) had one or more nutrient deficiency.”                                                                                                                                    

Combating COVID-19 and Building Immune Resilience: A Potential Role for Magnesium Nutrition? 

“In December 2019, the viral pandemic of respiratory illness caused by COVID-19 began sweeping its way across the globe. Several aspects of this infectious disease mimic metabolic events shown to occur during latent subclinical magnesium deficiency. Hypomagnesemia is a relatively common clinical occurrence that often goes unrecognized since magnesium levels are rarely monitored in the clinical setting. Magnesium is the second most abundant intracellular cation after potassium. It is involved in >600 enzymatic reactions in the body, including those contributing to the exaggerated immune and inflammatory responses exhibited by COVID-19 patients.”                          

A Cohort Study to Evaluate the Effect of Combination Vitamin D, Magnesium and Vitamin B12 (DMB) on Progression to Severe Outcome in Older COVID-19 Patients.

“Objective: To determine the clinical outcomes of older COVID-19 patients who received DMB compared to those who did not. We hypothesized that fewer patients administered 2DMB would require oxygen therapy and/or intensive care support than those who did not.”

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There are many more documents, papers and articles on nutrient deficiencies and COVID treatment and I hope this blog helps with your personal research and pathway to recovery.

I you wish to add any other articles to the comments please do, I would love to hear from you.

Kindness always

Tracey x

www.b12deficiency.info

Do you want to help make B12 injections available OTC from Pharmacies in the UK?

 

 

When you can’t remember where you live, or who loves you…..

Our poster boy Jasper has been showing the signs of his advancing years.  He was a rescue so we can’t be sure how exactly how old he is, but he’s at least fifteen.

His eyesight and hearing have been deteriorating for a while so we clap to get his attention. People seeing this think we are congratulating him rather that trying to communicate where we are!

A few weeks ago he suddenly stopped being interested in food, he was noticeably confused, he stopped barking, or making any sound at all.

 

dooby-b12-text-version

He has always loved a particular fluffy sheep toy but he no longer recognised this previously constant companion.

He wanted to be outside a lot, but then could not find his way back in, he would stand in one spot under a tree or would stare at the wall vacantly. He failed to recognise us.

His eating habits completely changed and some days he turned his nose up at everything offered. His co-ordination was also affected and at times he struggled to stand up.

He was very distant and for a normally loving and friendly dog this was a real shock.

Three weeks ago our vet came out to assess him and check he was not in any pain and confirmed he was showing signs of senility.

The first thing the did, was give him a B12 injection.  Stating that he could have these when required.

The following two days were much the same as before but on the third day, we were astounded. He wanted to eat, he was happy, he had stopped wanting to be apart from us, he barked and found and chewed on his old friend the sheep!!  He still moves like an elderly dog, he still can’t see or hear too much – but the essence of him is back.

Of course B12 is not the answer to every ill. It is however essential to life and for those who are deficient, whose systems have been starved of it, it can have a miraculously swift effect. This is what B12 does for those of us in need, it gives us our essence back.

Don’t all dementia patients deserve this chance, before it’s too late – just in case?

B12 deficiency is very common in the older population, for many reasons; one being low stomach acid, not helped by the over medication of PPI’s and other acid suppressants.

There is no routine screening of so many at risk patients and too many elderly B12 deficient patients may be missed when there are guidelines for doctors like these below;

Wouldn’t it be lovely if our doctors were not constrained by such ridiculous and out dated instruction?

The name ‘Pernicious anaemia’ confuses doctors – many patients NEVER present with anaemia/macrocytosis – this is very late stage. NICE and BNF Guidelines still categorise B12 deficiency under anaemia and this needs to change.

Thankfully our vet did not have to concern himself with proving Jasper was anaemic, he didn’t have to wait for a B12 serum test, he knew that this kind of presentation in an elderly dog could be down to B12 deficiency and his injection was given without any hesitation. He can also have B12 injections regularly without any quibbling.

If only B12 deficient humans, of any age, could be treated in the same sensible way as this little old fella, the world for them would be so much less confusing.

For those who may be B12 deficient please see this page;  www.b12deficiency.info/what-to-do-next/

If you feel strongly about the restrictions on our B12 treatment please sign and share this petition

www.change.org/p/ian-hudson-please-make-our-life-saving-injectable-vitamin-b12-hydroxocobalamin-available-over-the-counter

Best wishes

Tracey

 

The pernicious ignorance of B12 deficiency in patients with poor mental health.

Despite the general misconception that B12 deficiency only affects women over 60, this condition does not discriminate. It is those who train our health care professionals and consequently our health care professionals who do. The neuropsychiatric symptoms of B12 deficiency are many and as with all symptoms they can manifest at any age and in either sex.
These include –

• The unborn child
• Babies
• Children
• New mothers
• The middle aged
• The elderly

It appears that very few doctors understand the need to rule out this debilitating neurological disorder once a mental health condition is diagnosed. Of course there are many reasons for poor mental health but to ignore nutritional deficiencies is ridiculous.

One of the most common presenting symptoms of B12 deficiency is depression and yet the chances of a doctor exploring this symptom further to see if there might be a physical cause appears to be very slim.

How many children are incorrectly diagnosed with Bipolar, psychosis, depression when B12 deficiency is the root cause?
How many undiagnosed B12 deficient mothers find themselves devastated by post natal depression following nitrous oxide administration during labour?
How many cases of ‘early onset Alzheimer’s’ remain untested for this easy to treat deficiency?
How many newly diagnosed dementia patients have been taking metformin, or acid suppressants such as Omeprazole?
How many patients live in total confusion when all they lack is the ability to absorb vitamin B12?
How many stroke victims struggling physically and mentally because it never occurred to the clinicians to test for low B12?
How many students unable to complete their studies?
How many lives lost through suicide?
How many careers ruined?
How many lost livelihoods?
How many families broken?
How much money wasted on psychiatric drugs when a vital nutrient is the solution?
How many undiagnosed prisoners are ‘detained at Her Majesty’s pleasure’ for actions and behaviour induced by low B12?
How many patients hospitalised with eating disorders remain undiagnosed with B12 deficiency?
How many patients tested but by clinicians who fail to understand that the B12 serum test is inaccurate?
How many patients rattle with numerous antidepressants given in mega doses due to their reduced efficacy in B12 deficient patients?

The information below is taken from the ‘Fundamental Statistics on Mental Health 2007’  

All these statements and statistics have a potential relationship to B12 deficiency and we can only assume that these figures are perhaps even worse now…….

The Fundamental Facts 2007: The Latest Facts and Figures on Mental Health
http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/content/assets/PDF/publications/fundamental_facts_2007.pdf?view=Standard

How many people experience mental health problems?
• The Office for National Statistics Psychiatric Morbidity report found that in any one year 1 in 4 British adults experience at least one mental disorder, and 1 in 6 experiences this at any given time.

• It is estimated that approximately 450 million people worldwide have a mental health problem.
• 1 in 4 families worldwide is likely to have at least one member with a behavioural or mental disorder.
• The World Health Organisation forecasts that by 2020 depression will be the second leading contributor to the global burden of disease.

 Suicide and history of using mental health services
• 42% of people who took their own lives in England and Wales were diagnosed with either a depressive illness or bi-polar disorder, and 20% had schizophrenia or a related disorder. 

Postnatal depression
• Post-natal depression, also known as post partum depression, is believed to affect between 8 and 15% of women. Post-natal depression is not the same as the ‘baby blues’ which are very common, but last only a few days.

Dementia
• Dementia affects 5% of people over the age of 65 and 20% of those over 80. About 700,000 people in the UK have dementia (1.2% of the population) at any one time.
• About 60% of dementia cases are caused by Alzheimer’s disease.
• About a fifth of cases of dementia are related to strokes or insufficient blood flow to the brain, these cases being known as vascular dementia.

Children and young people 
• The British Medical Association estimates that at any point in time up to 45,000 young people under the age of 16 are experiencing a severe mental health disorder, and approximately 1.1 million children under the age of 18 would benefit from specialist mental health services.


Older people 
• Depression affects 1 in 5 people over the age of 65 living in the community and 2 in 5 living in care homes. However, it is likely that only a small proportion of older people with depression are in contact with their GP or mental health services. 
• An estimated 70% of new cases of depression in older people are related to poor physical health.

The prison population
• 72% of male and 70% of female sentenced prisoners have at least one mental disorder and 1 in 5 prisoners has four major mental health disorders. 

People with poor physical health are at higher risk of experiencing common mental health problems, and people with mental health problems are more likely to have poor physical health. 
• Depression affects 27% of people with diabetes, 29% of people with hypertension, 31% of people who have had a stroke, 33% of cancer patients and 44% of people with HIV/AIDS.
• People who experience persistent pain are four times as likely to have an anxiety or depressive disorder as the general population.




Primary care
• Approximately 30% of all GP consultations are related to a mental health problem.
• On average, a person with severe mental health problems has 13 to 14 consultations per year with their GP.




Hospital provision
• The NHS spent about £575 million on acute psychiatric in-patient hospital care in 2005/06,188 about 68% of its budget for clinical mental health services.




Treatment and coping
• According to an online survey by the Mental Health Foundation, of those visiting their GP with depression, 60% were prescribed anti-depressants, 42% were offered counselling and 2% were offered exercise therapy. 




Medication

• In 2004, GPs wrote a total of 63.9 million drug prescriptions for mental health problems in England, representing 9.3% of the total prescription by volume.
• Approximately 2 million people of working age in Britain are currently taking psychiatric drugs, most prescribed by their GPs.




 

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Family doctors in England are to be paid £55 for each patient they diagnose with dementia, NHS bosses say.   (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-29718618)

If we gave GP’s just £1 to test ALL mental health patients for B12 deficiency and then another £1 to treat that patient properly the cost savings could be phenomenal, not just to the NHS but to society as a whole. If only 10% of all the above statistics were found to be B12 deficient it would have a profoundly positive impact on NHS resources.

If you or anyone you know suffers with a mental illness, please have look at this list which is just the neuropsychiatric portion of the common B12 deficiency symptoms. You may be surprised and relieved to find that B12 injections could be the answer to restoring your own or a loved ones health.

• Confusion/disorientation
• Psychosis
• Post natal depression
• Hallucinations
• Memory loss
• Delusion
• Depression
• Suicidal ideation
• Mania
• Anxiety
• Paranoia
• Irritability
• Apathy
• Personality changes
• Inappropriate sexual behaviour
• Violent/aggressive behaviour
• Schizophrenic symptoms
• Sleep disturbances
• Insomnia
• Changes in taste, smell, vision, and sensory/motor function which can be mistaken for psychiatric problems

For more information please visit  www.b12deficiency.info/b12-and-mental-health/

Every part of society is affected by mental illness, and every part of society is affected by B12 deficiency. Our health care professionals need to keep this in mind, from midwives, to paediatrician’s, oncologists to psychiatrists. All medical disciplines need to be made aware of the facts.

Even those psychiatric patients who are known to be B12 deficient may still remain very unwell due to the high level of under treatment for this condition. Just four injections per year are not enough to repair those damaged nerves. Far more B12 is needed for this important job.
Unfortunately your doctor may be resistant to your request for testing for B12 deficiency.

Over the past couple of years I have been met with the following statements, from GP’s and psychiatrists;

‘They have no symptoms so it would be a waste of NHS funds to test for low B12 ’.
‘B12 deficiency does not affect mental health’.
‘Tremors and tinnitus are not cause by low B12’
‘They already have a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s and poor mental health runs in the family’.

It appears that once you have a diagnosis of mental illness you may be effectively tidied away and forgotten about.

And if you don’t have a mental health diagnosis your doctor might be keener to find one for you,  than to give you the vitamin you desperately need.

I’ll leave you with the letter I was sent following my request for more B12 injections.

Best wishes, Tracey

letter-1-14.08.28